Nội dung chia sẻ: IELTSPreparationAndPractice
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS AUSTRALIA Oxford New York Athens Auckland Bangkok Bombay Calcutta C. Cape Town Dares Salaam Delhi Florence Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madras Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi Pans Port Moresby Singapore Taipei Tokyo Toronto and associated companies in Berlin Ibadan OXFORD is a trade mark of Oxford University Press © Wendy Sahanaya, Jeremy Lindeek 1997 First published 1997 This book is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, criticism or review are permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmuted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photo copying, recording or otherwise without prior written permission. Enquiries to be made to Oxford University. Copying for educational purposes Where copies of part or the whole of the book are made under Part VII of the Copyright Act, the law requires that prescribed procedures be followed. For in- formation, contact the Copyright Agency Limited. National Library of Australia Cataloguing in Publication data Sahanaya, Wendy, 1940- IELTS preparation and practice listening and speaking ISBN 019 554095 6 1 English language - Examinations 2 International English Language Testing System 3 English lan- guage - Examinations, questions, etc. Lindeek, Jeremy, 1961- II Title III Title International English Lan- guage Testing System preparation and practice (Series IELTS preparation and practice) Edited by Eliza Collins Illustrated by July Kent Text designed by Rob Cowper Design Cover design by Rob Cowper Design Typeset by Banshee Graphics Printed through Bookpack Production Services, Singapore Published by Oxford University Press, 253 Normanby Road, South Melbourne, Australia Contents i Preface. How to use this book Part 1. The Listening test About the Listening test 1 Section 1 7 Section 2 17 Section 3 22 Section 4 25 Listening exercise 1. Names, numbers, places 29 Listening exercise 2. Who's speaking? 31 Listening exercise 3. Study strategies? 34 Practice Listening tests 36 Part 2. The Speaking test What to expect 53 Phase 2. About yourself 54 Phase 3. Asking questions 58 Phase 4. Wider issues 61 Practice interviews 64 Transcripts 67 Appendix Answer Key 93 Listening answer sheet 97 Speaking test sheet 98 Acknowledgments 99 Preface ii How to Use This Book In this practice book you will work your way through a Practice Listening test from be- ginning to end. You will need to work with the book and the audio cassette together. When you see the words START YOUR TAPE NOW in the book, you should start the cas- sette tape and follow the instructions given in both the book and on the tape. You must start your cassette tape at this point in order to do the exercises that follow. When you hear and see the words STOP YOUR TAPE you should stop the cassette tape and work through the explanations and exercises in the book until you see START YOUR TAPE NOW again. The first part of the book works through a Practice test, section by section, following the structure of a typical IELTS Listening test. The structure of each section is discussed and the type of questions demonstrated. Strategies are suggested for dealing with the vari- ous question types as well as for the Listening test in general. The recording for this is on Cassette 1 Side A. START YOUR TAPE NOW Listen to the instructions that appear on the front of the Listening test booklet. When you hear the words "now turn to Section one on page two of your question book- let" STOP YOUR TAPE DO NOT REWIND YOUR TAPE iii About The Listening Test All candidates facing the IELTS Test do the same type of Listening test, but the version differs according to the test date. The Listening test takes about 30 minutes, with 10 minutes allocated for you to trans- fer your answers from the question booklet to the answer sheet. The test is in four sections. Each section is more difficult than the one before. Sections one and two - social situations - are about everyday events, such as conversations about accommodation or shopping, or short talks giving practical information for daily living. Sections three and four - course-related situations - are about the typical situa- tions students face in their courses of study, such as discussions with tutors or adminis- trators and short, introductory course lectures. The Day of the Test On the day of the test you will do the Listening section first. The examiner will: ▪ give you an answer sheet for the Listening and the Reading tests (see example on page 97) ▪ read you the general instructions for the whole test ▪ give you your IELTS Listening test booklet. The Test Format ▪ The test is recorded on a cassette tape. ▪ You hear the tape once only. ▪ First, the voice on the cassette tape reads the instructions on the front of the question booklet. 1 ▪ Read these instructions as you listen to the tape to become accustomed to the speed and accent of the speech. ▪ You can ask the administrator to adjust the volume, if necessary. ▪ Do not open your booklet until you are told to do so. ▪ During the test you are given time to read the questions and to check back over your answers. It is very important that you read these ques- tions during this time. ▪ You must answer the questions while you are listening. ▪ There are between 38 and 42 questions. ▪ The questions mostly follow the same sequence as the information con- tained in the Listening cassette. ▪ Write your answers to the questions directly into the question booklet. ▪ At the end of each section you will be given some time to go back and make sure your answers are clear. ▪ At the end of the test you have 10 minutes to transfer all your answers to the answer sheet. ▪ The tape will tell you when to stop writing. There is a variety of possible question types. They are as follows: ▪ multiple choice ▪ short answers (up to three words) ▪ sentence completion (no more than three words) ▪ completing notes, a table or a summary ▪ labeling a diagram ▪ matching (e.g. pictures with what you hear). You will be able to familiarize yourself with all of these kinds of questions as you work through this book. Getting the Instructions Right Note: There are no exercises on the cassette tape for the following questions. The written instructions in the Listening booklet are always given in italics. Important aspects of the instructions are also in BOLD ITALIC CAPITALS. The instructions in the Listening test depend on the type of question. If you familiarize yourself with the various types of instructions before the test you will be more likely to follow them properly. Time spent on familiarizing yourself with instructions now, as you work through this book, means that you will be able to tell at a glance what you have to do in the actual IELTS Test. You will be less likely to make the more common mistakes. Exercise The following instructions are typical of those you will find in the IELTS Listening book- let. Read each of the instructions and questions. Look at what the candidate did in both the Listening question booklet and on the answer sheet on page 5. Then say whether the candidate answered the questions appropriately or not. 2 Circle the correct letter A-D for each question. 1 What is Jane pleased about? A meeting Steve B her holiday (C) the semester finishing D her exam Circle TWO letters A-E. 5 What activities are they planning? A camping (B) swimming (C) cycling D hunting E walking Label the diagram. Write the correct letters A-E next to the list of places. 8 bus depot .A… 9 sports stadium .D… 10 university .E… Complete the notes below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each an- swer. A complete degree requires (16) .72. credit points. The form of assessment may be written, as in (17) …essays, exams, journals…, or oral, as in seminars, or (18) .class participation…, as in language courses. 3 Copy the letter.